Story Behind the Anthem
The National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia, or as it is sometimes called “O gloria inmarcesible” (Oh Unfading Glory!), was written by Rafael Núñez, a former president of Colombia who served four terms. He wrote the lyrics as a poem to honor the independence of Cartagena. An actor from Bogotá, José Domingo Torres, asked his friend, Oreste Sindici, an Italian opera singer, to compose music for this poem. The anthem was first sung on November 11th 1887 in a small music hall at the school where Sindici taught, and presented publicly a month later on December 6.
The anthem became official on October 28, 1920. In 1995, it became mandatory for all radio and television broadcasts in the country to play the anthem every day at 6 a.m. and 6 p.m.
Although there are 11 verses in the national anthem, only the chorus and the first verse are usually sung. The video of the anthem below includes the first and second verse.