Story Behind the Anthem
The national anthem of the Dominican Republic, sometimes called Quisqueyanos Valientes, was composed by José Reyes in 1883 after he read a published copy of the Argentine national anthem. He thought his country should also have an anthem, so he asked his friend Emilio Prud’homme to write the lyrics. It was first performed publicly on August 17, 1883 at the Logia Esperanza in Santo Domingo.
The music itself was popular, but the factual information in the lyrics was questioned by several Dominican scholars until Prud’homme submitted the corrected version of the lyrics in 1897.
At this time, deputy Rafael Garcia Martinez proposed to Congress that Reyes’ and Prud’homme’s song become the official national anthem. However, President Ulises Heureaux refused to sign the bill into law, probably because Prud’homme was an opponent of his government. However, this didn’t stop the Dominican people from favoring the hymn and using it in official ceremonies.
It wasn’t until May 30, 1934 that President Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina officially adopted the song as the national anthem.
The original anthem has 12 verses, but usually only the first four are sung.