He was ‘The Liberator.’ He led the region to victory against the Spanish. This man created Latin America.
The only way you achieve that level of greatness is by turning your life upside down. By making mistakes, failing constantly and eventually coming out of the other side with more wisdom than the rest.
So, here’s what you should know about Simon Bolivar, Latin America’s Liberator.
He dreamed big. Simon Bolivar traveled to Europe at the age of 20. Napoleon had just been proclaimed emperor.
In his own words, “The crown which Napoleon placed on his head I regarded as a miserable thing and a gothic fancy: what seemed great to me was the universal acclaim and interest that his person inspired. This, I confess, made me think of my country’s slavery and the glory in store for the man who would free her.”
He lost his first battle and tendered a resignation. One of his first assignments was to defend an important port on the Venezuelan coast. Nearby, the San Felipe fort protected the Venezuelan people and also held leading royalist prisoners. A rebel freed the prisoners and a battle was fought.
Bolivar was defeated. Embarrassed, he wrote to his general that, “My spirits are so depressed that I do not have the heart to command a single soldier.” Shortly afterwards, the rebels surrendered to Spain.
He tried and failed to distribute land equally. He promised the soldiers who fought with him land grants. Had it been successful we might’ve seen a very different social structure in Latin America.
Instead, the elite found ways to further concentrate their wealth. They gave soldiers certificates for the land. The certificates were then purchased for five percent of their value. This transferred power from the Spanish Elite to the Revolutionary Elite.
Lifetime presidency. Bolivar’s dream was to create a united Gran-Colombia. Unfortunately, he held tightly to the proclamation that the state should have a lifetime president (himself). This was resisted by legislators since it removed any opportunity of them attaining the highest office.
The lifetime presidency is credited with leading to the failure of a united Latin America.
Simon Bolivar died poor, alone and sick of tuberculosis in Santa Marta. He was exiled to Europe, but never made it that far.
However, they never took away his glory.
He parted with these words, ”I have worked unselfishly, sacrificing my fortune and my peace of mind… As I depart from your midst, my regard for you tells me that I should make known my last wishes. I aspire to no other glory than the consolidation of Colombia. You must all work for the supreme good of the Union.”